Religions of alawites shii and sunnis in syria
— sunnis muslims make up 74 percent of syria’s 22 million population, alawites 12 percent, christians 10 percent and druze 3 percent ismailis, yezidis and a few jews make up the rest. First, it should be noted, when viewing events in syria through the lens of sunni-shiia relations, and more precisely when analyzing the al-assad family, which belongs to the alawite sect, that they are not alawites from turkey, and in spite of some similarities, they do not belong to the same religious order. In syria, which has a sunni majority, the alawite shiite sect of president bashar al-assad, which has long dominated the government, clings to power amid a bloody civil war. Therefore, alawite shia muslims and christians have good relations in syria because both minorities fear systematic persecution by radical sunni islamic forces given past history, it is clear that both communities are justified in fearing the worse.
The shiites were divided primarily among iran, iraq and lebanon, with alawites (an off-shoot of shia islam) in syria this area has come to be known as the shia crescent. Modern syria is a melting pot of many religious sects 70% are sunni muslims 12% are shia muslims including the alawite sect of the assad leading family 5% of syrians are christians, and of the remaining 13%, 3% are druze and there is a jewish minority 11. Sunni islam is the main religion in syria the great mosque of aleppo consists of pre-islamic, seljuk , and mamluk architectural styles religion in syria refers to the range of religions practiced by the citizens of syria.
Sunnis and shias – the key questions at the heart of syria’s bloody civil war is one of the oldest religious divide in history – that between sunni and shia muslims. The alawites are an offshoot of shia islam who revere ali, the prophet mohammed’s cousin and son-in-law however, they have added to their religion aspects of other faiths, including. Until the french arrived in syria in 1920, the alawites were locked in the coastal mountains of syria and the alawites used to be the lowest of the low they were the poorest syrians, uneducated. Religion and politics in syria tensions during the early 80s between sunnis and alawites were a result of the bloody assault launched by the regime of assad’s father, hafiz al-assad, in 2007 — comprise all iraqi religions, including sunnis and twelver shia, as well as a disproportionate number of christians.
Syria, with its mosaic of sunnis, alawites, druze and many christian communities, boasted of being the “beating heart of arabism” even in lebanon, with its elaborate power-sharing. The alawites purportedly differ from twelvers in holding that ali was a manifestation of god - a notion that some members of syria's sunni majority consider heretical. In syria, al-assad's state, military, and irregular militias draw significantly on a small – and, to the world, mysterious – variant of shia islam known as alawites.
Religions of alawites shii and sunnis in syria
Considered by some muslims a heretic sect, syria's minority alawites have survived persecution and the crusades to rise to the top brass of the country's establishment. In fact, shia religious leaders cursed and excommunicated the founder of the alawites, muhammad ibn nusayr similarly, sunni religious authorities had authored fatwa s denouncing the alawis as heretics in the 14th, 16th, and 19th centuries. The religious minorities supported the baath's nationalistic ideology, in which all arabs were equal, whether sunni muslims, alawites or members of other heterodox muslim communities or christians the baath (resurrection) party was founded in 1940 in syria by two paris-educated intellectuals: michel aflaq, an orthodox christian, and salah al. Syria, azerbaijan and the sunni-shia divide but few were truly alarmed — until the uprising in syria became a religious and sectarian civil war a regional divide in syria, the ruling alawite minority, led by the assad family for decades, belongs to the shia branch of islam although the alawites of syria and the shia of azerbaijan.
Religious groups include sunnis, christians, alawites, druze, mandeans, shiites, salafis, sunni arabs make up the largest religious group in syria its capital damascus and largest city aleppo are among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, in the islamic era, damascus was the seat of the umayyad caliphate and a provincial. Bashar al-assad religion explained [alawites nusayriyyah shiites] shaykh abdur razaaq mahdi who specializes in understanding the shia' ideology and quotes from their texts is this weeks guest. The alawites moved to syria (specifically the area of modern day aleppo) under the dynasty of sayf al-dawla al-hamadani (890-1004), who spread the religious alawite beliefs and was influenced by. Sunni islam is by far the largest religious group in syria, making up 74% of the population the split between sunni and shia islam came about due to a disagreement over the choice of the prophet muhammad's successor and in the centuries since has broadened to include different political, theological and juridical differences.
“nothing has helped make the sunni-shia narrative stick on a popular level more than the images of assad — with iranian help — butchering sunnis in syria,” said trita parsi, a regional. Editor's note: the civil war in syria has become one of the most bloody and geopolitically important events to come out of the arab spring while the war has become in many ways a sectarian shi’a-sunni battle, in syria there is a third religious group that has played a pivotal role in the history of that country: the alawites. The alawites moved to syria (specifically the area of modern day aleppo) under the dynasty of sayf al-dawla al-hamadani (890-1004), who spread the religious alawite beliefs and was influenced by hussein bin hamdan al-khusaibi (874-961), an alawite scholar who helped to found the alawite practices. The conflict in syria will not disappear from the news feeds for the fifth year in a row it may seem that there are fighting for an eternity without a good reason the grounds for the escalation of the conflict and its duration are vast today we will speak about the ethnic and religious differences and contradictions - a key catalyst of the civil war in syria.